Preface to the Student xv
     
CHAPTER 1: PREPARING FOR SUCCESS IN COLLEGE 1
     
  What's in It for You 2
  Reasons for Going to College 3
  The Advantages of a College Education 4
    Improved Opportunities for Financial Security 4
    Obtaining the Necessary Skills for Today's Workforce 5
    The College Advantage 8
    The Personal Benefits of Going to College 8
    You're Part of a Diverse College Population 9
  Getting Involved in Your College Community 9
    Getting Socially Involved 9
    Tips for Getting Socially Involved 10
    Getting Academically Involved 10
    Tips for Getting Academically Involved 12
    Finding the Right Balance 14
    Getting Off to a Good Start in Your Classes 14
  Benefiting from Resources and Services 16
    Using Your College Catalog/Student Handbook 16
    Academic Requirements and Procedures 16
    Student Services 20
    Using Your Placement Office 23
    Working with the System 23
    Tips for Making the System Work for You 24
  Getting There 24
  Financing Your Education 27
    Know Where Your Money Goes 27
    Tips for Reducing Expenses 29
    Working Through School 30
    Coping with Credit Cards: Going Plastic 31
    Tips for Coping with Credit Cards 32
    Financial Aid 34
    Student Financial Aid and Scholarship Information on the Web 35
  Balancing School, Work, Family, and Friends 36
    Strategies for Work and School 36
    Tips for Managing Work and School 36
    Strategies for Family and School 37
    Tips for Managing Children and School 38
    Child Care 38
    Communicating with Others 41
  Highlights 43
  Discussion Questions 43
  Activities 44
    Practicing for Academic Success 44
    Practicing for Career Success 45
    Practicing for Personal Success 45
    In Your Own Words 46
     
CHAPTER 2: BECOMING A SUCCESSFUL STUDENT 49
     
  What's in It for You 50
  Thinking About Success 51
    Your Own Visions of Success 52
  Goals and Motivation in College 54
    Remember the Small Goals 54
    Make Time for Fun 59
  Boosting Your Self-Esteem to Boost College Success 60
    Creating Positive Self-Talk to Achieve Goals 61
    Developing Positive Self-Talk for Motivation 62
    Recognize Past Successes and Your Capabilities 64
  Creating a Successful Self-Image 65
    Concentrate on What You Do Well 66
    Build on Your Strengths 67
    Accept Your Weaknesses 67
    Take Credit for What You've Learned 67
    Picture Yourself Succeeding 67
  Finding Support and Inspiration 67
    Finding a Support System 67
    Friends and Family As Support 68
    Finding Role Models 69
  Developing Self-Discipline 70
    Staying on Track 70
    Making It Happen 71
  Creative Problem Solving and Decision Making 72
  Six Strategies for Creative Problem Solving and Decision Making 73
  Highlights 77
  Discussion Questions 77
  Activities 78
    Practicing for Academic Success 80
    Practicing for Career Success 81
    Practicing for Personal Success 83
    In Your Own Words 83
     
CHAPTER 3: MAKING TIME WORK FOR YOU 85
   
  What's in It for You 86
  The Rewards of Time Management 87
  Uncovering Your Time Wasters 87
    Where Does the Time Go? 88
  Managing Your Time 90
    What's Important to You? 90
    Do the Important Tasks First 90
    Is It Necessary? 91
  Scheduling 93
    Tips for Scheduling Study Time 93
    Creating the Best Schedule for You 94
    Weekly Schedule 97
    Daily Planning: The To Do List 98
    Scheduling Long-Term Assignments 98
    Long-Range Scheduling 99
    Weekly Assignment Schedule 102
    Sticking to Your Schedule 103
    Avoiding Procrastination 103
    Tips for Beating Procrastination 103
    Tips for Saving Time 104
  Highlights 105
  Discussion Questions 105
  Activities 105
    Practicing for Academic Success 107
    Practicing for Career Success 108
    Practicing for Personal Success 109
    In Your Own Words 111
     
CHAPTER 4: MAKING THE CLASSROOM WORK FOR YOU 113
     
  What's in It for You 114
  Being Prepared 115
    Know What the Class Is About 116
    Ready to Work 117
  The Importance of Class Attendance 117
    Get There Early 118
    When You Miss a Class 119
  Classroom Etiquette 120
    Tips for Being Courteous in the Classroom 120
  Class Participation 121
    Tips for Participating in the Classroom 122
  Classroom Expectations: Yours and Your Instructor's 123
    Your Expectations 123
    Your Instructor's Expectations 124
    The Connection Between Class and Work Expectations 124
  Adapting to the Classroom: Your Learning Style and Instructors' Teaching Modes 124
    Learning Styles 125
    Tips for Making the Most of Your Preferred Learning Style 127
    Your Instructor's Teaching Mode 128
    Tips for Getting the Most Out of Your Instructor's Teaching Mode 130
  Compensating for Learning Disorders and Difficulties 131
    Learning Assistance 131
    Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) 131
    Tips for Managing Attention Deficit Disorder 132
  Active Learning Beyond the Classroom 133
    Tips for Learning Outside the Classroom 133
  Making a Comeback When You Need To 134
  Highlights 135
  Discussion Questions 136
  Activities 137
    Practicing for Academic Success 137
    Practicing for Career Success 138
    Practicing for Personal Success 139
    In Your Own Words 140
     
CHAPTER 5: IMPROVING YOUR MEMORY AND LEARNING SKILLS 143
     
  What's in It for You 144
  Learning How to Learn 145
  Improving Your Concentration 145
    Eliminating External Distractions 146
    Tips for Creating a Good Study Environment 146
    Eliminating Internal Distractions 147
    Tips for Eliminating Internal Distractions 147
  Improving Your Memory 148
    How Your Memory Works 149
    Six Memory Techniques 149
  Getting More Out of Your Reading 156
    Steps to Successful Reading 157
    Reading in Mathematics 160
    Tips for Conquering Math Anxiety 160
    Reading in Science and Technical Books 162
    Reading Graphics 164
    Tips for Reading Graphs, Tables, or Illustrations 167
  Challenging Your Own Study Traps 167
  Highlights 168
  Discussion Questions 169
  Activities 169
    Practicing for Academic Success 170
    Practicing for Career Success 172
    Practicing for Personal Success 172
    In Your Own Words 172
     
CHAPTER 6: LISTENING ACTIVELY AND TAKING GOOD NOTES 175
     
  What's in It for You 176
  Listening Actively 177
    Tips for Active Listening in the Classroom 178
  Taking Notes 178
    Notetaking Formats 181
  Highlights 187
  Discussion Questions 187
  Activities 187
    Practicing for Academic Success 188
    Practicing for Career Success 189
    Practicing for Personal Success 189
    In Your Own Words 189
     
CHAPTER 7: LEARNING TO THINK CRITICALLY 191
     
  What's in It for You 192
  What Is Critical Thinking? 193
    The Importance of Critical Thinking to Your Professional and Personal Life 193
  What Qualities Do Critical Thinkers Possess? 194
  The Process and Tools for Critical Thinking 196
    Tools for Critical Thinking 196
    Basic Guidelines for Critical Thinking 197
  Developing Critical Reading Skills 199
    Questioning: The Tool of Critical Reading 199
    Ten Critical Thinking Questions to Probe Your Reading 200
  Critical Thinking: You and the Media 203
    Tips for Thinking Critically About the Media 204
  Highlights 207
  Discussion Questions 207
  Activities 208
    Practicing for Academic Success 208
    Practicing for Career Success 210
    Practicing for Personal Success 212
    In Your Own Words 213
     
CHAPTER 8: DEVELOPING TEST-TAKING SKILLS 215
  What's in It for You 216
  Preparing for Tests 217
    Getting Started 217
    Prepare Study Materials 218
    Rehearse Your Performance 218
    How to Predict Test Questions 218
    Making It a Group Effort 218
    Cramming-Your Last Resort 219
    Tips for Last Resort Cramming 219
    Down the Home Stretch 219
  Taking Objective Tests 220
    True-False Questions 220
    Multiple Choice Questions 223
    Tips for Answering Multiple Choice Questions 224
    Matching Questions 225
    Fill-in-the-Blank Questions 226
  Essay Tests 226
    Answering the Questions 227
    Tips for Answering Essay Questions 227
    Short Answer Questions 232
    Just When You Think It's Safe to Leave 232
    Preparing for Final Exams 232
    Getting Feedback 232
  Overcoming Test Anxiety 232
    Be Prepared 233
    Positive Self-Talk 233
    Visualization 234
    Relaxation 234
    Tips for Combating Test Anxiety 234
  Highlights 235
  Discussion Questions 236
  Activities 237
    Practicing for Academic Success 237
    Practicing for Career Success 240
    Practicing for Personal Success 241
    In Your Own Words 241
     
CHAPTER 9: PRESENTING YOUR BEST WORK 243
     
  What's in It for You 244
  The Basic Steps to Effective Writing 245
    Step 1: Choosing a Topic for a Writing Assignment 245
    Tips for Choosing a Writing Topic 245
    Step 2: Prewriting 246
    Step 3: Organizing 249
    Step 4: Writing a Rough Draft 252
    Step 5: Revising 252
    Practice, Practice, Practice 255
  Writing and Computers 255
    Tips for Writing with Computers 256
  The Research Paper 256
    Know the Ropes 256
    Choose a Topic 257
    Gather Information 257
    Select Information from Your Resources 258
    Construct an Outline 259
    Write Rough Draft(s) 260
    Revise and Polish 261
  Writing for Work 262
    Writing Memos 263
    Tips for Writing a Better Memo 264
    Writing Business Letters 264
    Writing Reports 265
  Making Presentations 265
    Tips for Preparing a Presentation 265
    Tips for Making Presentations 267
  Highlights 268
  Discussion Questions 268
  Activities 269
    Practicing for Academic Success 270
    Practicing for Career Success 272
    Practicing for Personal Success 273
    In Your Own Words 275
     
CHAPTER 10: MAKING HEALTHY CHOICES 277
     
  What's in It for You 278
  Managing Stress 279
    Kinds of Stress 280
    Stress Management Strategies 281
    Tips for Coping with Stress 282
  Healthy Eating 284
    Tips for Balanced Eating 285
    Managing Your Weight 288
    Tips for Controlling Your Weight 289
    Eating Disorders 291
  The Benefits of Exercise 292
    Developing a Personal Exercise Program 293
    Tips for Strength Building 294
    Tips for Sticking to Your Exercise Program 295
  Considering the Risks and Options of Sex 296
    Sexual Relationships 298
    Birth Control 298
    Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases 302
  Understanding Substance Abuse 304
    Alcohol 305
    Tips for Responsible Drinking 307
    Smoking 308
    Tips for Quitting Smoking-Kick It Before It Kicks You 308
    Other Drugs 309
  Highlights 310
  Discussion Questions 311
  Activities 312
    Practicing for Academic Success 314
    Practicing for Career Success 315
    Practicing for Personal Success 316
    In Your Own Words 318
     
CHAPTER 11: SHARING YOUR WORLD 321
     
  What's in It for You 322
  Taking Advantage of Our Diverse World 323
  Avoiding Stereotypes, Prejudice, and Discrimination 324
    Prejudice and Discrimination 325
    Relating to Students with Diverse Backgrounds 326
    Tips for Eliminating Prejudice and Discrimination and Improving Relationships 327
  Communicating 328
  Reflective Listening 330
    Paraphrasing 331
  Reading Body Language 333
    Tips for Reading Body Language 333
  Being Assertive 335
    Qualities of an Assertive Communicator 336
    Tips for Assertive Communication 337
    Other Communication Styles 337
  Dealing with Sexual Harassment 338
  Protecting Yourself from Crime 339
    Being Active in Your Personal Safety 339
    Safety Where You Live 340
    Tips for Phone Safety 340
    Safety in Other Buildings 341
    Safety on Foot 342
    Safety on the Road 342
    Tips for Car Safety 343
    Safety on Public Transportation 343
    If You're the Victim of Crime 343
  Understanding Rape and Date Rape 343
    If You're a Victim of Rape 344
    Keeping Yourself Safe from Rape 344
    Tips for Avoiding Date Rape 345
  Highlights 345
  Discussion Questions 346
  Activities 346
    Practicing for Academic Success 348
    Practicing for Career Success 349
    Practicing for Personal Success 351
    In Your Own Words 352
     
CHAPTER 12: PLANNING FOR YOUR CAREER 355
     
  What's in It for You 356
  Assessing Your Values 357
  Assessing Your Interests 358
  Assessing Your Occupational Personality Type 360
  Assessing Your Skills 369
  Investigating Career Options 372
    Informational Interviews 374
    Tips for Conducting Informational Interviews 374
  Job Search Strategies 375
    Your College Placement Office 375
    Internet Job Search Sites 376
    Networking 376
    Tips for Successful Networking 377
  Your Portfolio 377
  Your Résumé 378
    Tips for Writing an Effective Résumé 378
    Four Steps to Constructing a Résumé 379
    Major Components of a Résumé 380
    How to Create a Scannable Résumé 390
  Cover Letters 391
    Tips for Writing Effective Cover Letters 391
  Job Applications 394
    Tips for Filling Out Job Applications 394
  Job Interviews 395
    At the Interview 395
    Tips on Preparing for a Job Interview 396
  Highlights 398
  Discussion Questions 398
  Activities 399
    Practicing for Academic Success 400
    Practicing for Career Success 401
    Practicing for Personal Success 403
    In Your Own Words 404
     
CHAPTER 13: SURFING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 407
     
  What's in It for You 408
  Information Boom to Information Overload 409
  Internet Basics 410
  The Way of the Web 410
  Searching and Researching via the World Wide Web 412
    Tips for Searching the Internet for Relevant Information 413
  Search Tools 414
  Using the Web for Class Research 418
    Tips for Evaluating Information on the Web 418
    Style for Citing Online Information 419
  Electronic Mail: Changing Our Lives and Our Way of Doing Business 419
  Keeping Up with Technology to Keep Up with the Changing Workplace 420
  Highlights 421
  Discussion Questions 422
  Activities 423
    Practicing for Academic Success 427
    Practicing for Career Success 428
    Practicing for Personal Success 429
    In Your Own Words 431
     
  Appendix 433
    Syllabus: College 101 435
    Major Assignment Descriptions 438
     
  Index 445